lesion definition psychology quizlet

lesion definition psychology quizlet

In … Definition: discovered area in the brain (named for him) in the left frontal lobe responsible for language production, Definition: , tamping iron went through skull. controls language expression—an area, usually in the left frontal lobe, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech. Well-known techniques include EEG (electroencephalography) which records the brain’s electrical activity and fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) which produces detailed images of brain structure and/or activity. Lesion Method. Term. the acquisition of a traditional masculing or feminine role. A brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue. Broca had been working with patients who could comprehend language, but didn’t have the ability to produce speech. A lesion is any abnormality in the tissue of an organism (in layman's terms, "damage"), usually caused by disease or trauma.Lesion is derived from the Latin word laesio which means injury.Within psychology the term ablation or brain lesion is used with specific reference to experimentally induced damage or partial removal of animal brains for research purposes. Lesion definition is - injury, harm. a nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal. lesion [le´zhun] any pathological or traumatic discontinuity of tissue or loss of function of a part. MRI scans show brain anatomy. portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments. fMRI scans show brain function, Definition: the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells, as it enters the skull; the brainstem is responsible for automatic survival functions, Definition: located at the base of the brainstem, Definition: a nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal, Definition: the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum, Definition: located at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance, Definition: doughnut-shaped neural system located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives, Definition: two lima bean-sized neural clusters in the lymbic system, Definition: a neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities, helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward, Definition: the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center, Definition: cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons, Definition: portion of the cerebral cortex; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments, Definition: portion of cerebral cortex; receives sensory input for touch and body position, Definition: portion of cerebral cortex; includes areas that receive info from the visual fields, Definition: portion of the cerebral cortex; includes the auditory areas, each receiving info primarily from the opposite ear, Definition: an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements, Definition: area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations, Definition: areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions, Definition: impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding), Definition: controls language and expression - an area, usually in the left frontal lobe, Definition: controls language reception - a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression, Definition: the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience, Definition: the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messaged between them, Definition: a condition resulting from surgery that isolates the brain's two hemispheres by cutting the fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) connecting them, Definition: our awareness of ourselves and our environment, Definition: the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition, Definition: the principal that info is often simultaneously processed on separate conscious and unconscious tracks. cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons. When lesions occur in the brain they can cause serious problems or changes to brain functioning. Lesioning studies are a part of the study of cognitive neuroscience, primarily in the area of declarative memory. Chapter 13: Social Psychology. the subfield of psychology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes. Start studying AP Psychology Unit 3B. The School of Psychology and Neuroscience has an international reputation for the quality of its research and has consistently been ranked one of the best research departments in the UK. Learn ap psychology brain scans with free interactive flashcards. Chapter 16: Therapies. 2. personality changed, Definition: leading psychologist on split-brain patients/studies. A lesion is damage to body tissue (any tissue in your body). a single wound or opening which would otherwise be abnormal and unexpected in a tissue - a tissue is a group of cells in the human body. Lesions played an important role in coming to understand brain functions, as neuroscientists were able to match deficits in behavior with the area of the brain that was lesioned in order to deduce what the function of that brain region was. Here is information about this confusing and unsettling health concern. Linear lesions take on the shape of a straight line and are suggestive of some forms of contact dermatitis, linear epidermal nevi, and lichen striatus. Psychology Definition of BRAIN LESION: n. any abnormal, damaged area of tissue detected in the brain. These waves are measured by electrodes placed on the scalp. A brain lesion describes an area of damaged brain. Definition: tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue, Definition: an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. a neural structure lying below (hypo) the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward. a series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and combined by computer into a composite representation of a slice through the body. Brain lesions are treated in a number of ways. Pustules are vesicles that contain pus. Lesion, in physiology, a structural or biochemical change in an organ or tissue produced by disease processes or a wound. Typically, a lesion involves an abnormal structural change to a tissue. Lesion: damage to biological tissue, often due to trauma. Term. Psychosurgery Definition Psychosurgery involves severing or otherwise disabling areas of the brain to treat a personality disorder, behavior disorder, or other mental illness. Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders. fMRI scans show brain function. a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task. How serious are brain lesions and how are they treated? Primary skin lesions: 1. Traumatically induced lesions, including excoriations caused by the patient's fingernails, are typically linear. portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; includes the auditory areas, each receiving information primarily from the opposite ear. Definition: glia cells in the central nervous system that myelinate axons. They range from the skin sores associated with eczema to the changes in lung tissue that occur in tuberculosis. two lima bean-sized neural clusters in the limbic system; linked to emotion. an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements. Recent Examples on the Web The culprit was the old lesion in his T5 vertebra that had been radiated three years earlier. Chapter 13: Social Psychology. But what are lesions in the brain? the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language). MHE Connect: McGraw-Hill Education Psychology … Chapter 17: Health Psychology. It is a common condition that can be easily treated if caught early. A lesion is an area of inflammation in a tissue that suffered trauma or the impact of chronic illness. Sometimes doctors say they "lesioned an area" which means they purposely damaged the tissue in that area. area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations. Baginski and Lehmann used this method with thin glass tube lowered thro… Lesions done by knife cuts and suction techniques, called mechanical lesions, were tried by Veyssiere and Nothnagel in 1874. By showing that lesions that undercut slabs of cortex had far more severe consequences lesions that were perpendicular to the cortex, he helped show that the principal circuits of the cortex ran up and down into the white matter rather than side-to-side across the cortical surface. A lesion is an area of tissue that has been damaged through injury or disease. damaged frontal lobe. the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; the brainstem is responsible for automatic survival functions. A lesion is an area of inflammation in a tissue that suffered trauma or the impact of chronic illness. Definition: supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system responsible for the formation of myelin. tissue destruction. Definition: discovered the area in the temporal lobe involved in speech comprehension. They are changes to the original lesion that result from a natural evolution of the lesion or a person scratching or aggravating the lesion. Application: A lesion is damage to body tissue (any tissue in your body). So, it is often defined as a site of abnormal tissue change. A skin lesion is a part of the skin that has an abnormal appearance compared to the skin around it. Secondary skin lesions are a progression of primary skin lesions. A fissure is a crack or tear in the skin. So a brain lesion is an area of injury or disease within the brain. Lesions can come from natural sources (like brain injury or disease) but can also be deliberately caused. Definition: finds that when the brain was divided each hemisphere continued to have individual and private experiences, sensations, thoughts, and emotions. It may be isolated or there may be numerous areas affected. A macule is a distinct discoloration of the skin that is flat and smaller than 1 centimeter in diameter. our awareness of ourselves and our environment. The lesions to be made in Matthew's cingulum are anatomically "miles" from the frontal lobe, but the changes -- the calming, flattening -- they produce will be somewhat similar. any pathological or traumatic discontinuity of tissue or loss of function of a part. MHE Connect: McGraw-Hill Education Psychology … portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head ​and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position. Help us get better. Lesion is a broad term, including wounds, sores, ulcers, tumors, cataracts, and any other tissue damage. an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface. portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the head; includes areas that receive information from the visual fields. Definition. Definition: a star-shaped glial cell of the central nervous system. Symptoms of a brain lesion depend upon what part of the brain is affected and may be minimal or life-threatening. (See also Evaluation of the Dermatologic Patient andDiagnostic Tests for Skin Disorders.) But the lesions were located in a slightly different location. Macule. the principle that information is often simultaneously processed on separate conscious and unconscious tracks. DuVerney was the first to use experimental ablationmethod on animals in 1679. Psychology definition for Lesion Method in normal everyday language, edited by psychologists, professors and leading students. Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders. A fissure is a crack or tear in the skin. It … Henry Gustav Molaison (February 26, 1926 – December 2, 2008), known widely as H.M., was an American man who had a bilateral medial temporal lobectomy to surgically resect the anterior two thirds of his hippocampi, parahippocampal cortices, entorhinal … the "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance. This technique of study involves study lesions of the brain, whether the result of injury, illness, or induced by the researcher. Typically, a lesion involves an abnormal structural change to a tissue. areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking. Choose from 500 different sets of ap psychology brain scans flashcards on Quizlet. Other methods, such as the lesionmethod, are lesser known, b… Rash is a general term for a temporary skin eruption. Here I argue for an increased investment in modern lesion mapping, complementing fMRI studies and laying the conceptual and analytic foundations for future techniques that could experimentally manipulate human brain function. the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing. It is a common condition that can be easily treated if caught early. Lesion is a broad term, including wounds, sores, ulcers, tumors, cataracts, and any other tissue damage. a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of soft tissue. impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding). a technique for revealing bloodflow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. This process was done by inserting a fine wire blade through the head, rotating the curved or angled wire, and cutting neural projection. Definition: finds that when the brain was divided each hemisphere continued to have individual and private experiences, sensations, thoughts, and emotions. Henry Gustav Molaison (February 26, 1926 – December 2, 2008), known widely as H.M., was an American man who had a bilateral medial temporal lobectomy to surgically resect the anterior two thirds of his hippocampi, parahippocampal cortices, entorhinal … A lesion is damage to a part of the brain that results in destruction to the neurons. In neuroscience, a lesion generally refers to damage to the brain. So, it is often defined as a site of abnormal tissue change. behavior genetics: Definition. Also called CAT scan. Psychology Definition of CORPUS CALLOSUM: an immense pathway of nerve fibers traveling over the longitudinal fissure of the brain and linking the cerebral hemispheres. biological psychology A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior brainstem ... lesion-tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue ... Quizlet Created Date: That's because the… the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla. How are Brain Lesions Treated? They range from the skin sores associated with eczema to the changes in lung tissue that occur in tuberculosis. And what causes them? A brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue. the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center. Recent Examples on the Web The culprit was the old lesion in his T5 vertebra that had been radiated three years earlier. Lesion Definition. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. These lesions target cells that control movement and are used to treat movement disorders, such as essential tremor, Parkinson’s disease, and dystonia. 1. an unpredictable happening- often results in fatalities or physical damage to persons and/or property. In … a raised lesion, measuring less than 1 centimeter, on the surface of the skin, filled with pus an elevated patch of skin, confined to the upper epidermis, usually with a reddish border and pale center Chapter 16: Therapies. the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them. Chapter 14: Industrial and Organizational Psychology. This part of the brain, responsible for speech production, is now known as Broca’s area. Application: Roger Sperry received the Nobel prize in 1981 for his pioneering research on brain specialization in split-brain patients. The study of patients with brain lesions has made major historical contributions to cognitive neuroscience. Chapter 14: Industrial and Organizational Psychology. When you scrape your elbow, it leaves an area of inflamed skin, or a lesion. While the definition sounds simple, understanding brain lesions can be complicated. LESION: "Cuts, bruises and open wounds are otherwise known as lesions." Sometimes doctors say they "lesioned an area" which means they purposely damaged the tissue in that area. When lesions occur in the brain they can cause serious problems or changes to brain functioning. Skin lesions can be inherited or caused by inflammation, injury, or disease. the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior. Lesion is a term I hear all the time in relation to physical problems. Chapter 17: Health Psychology. MRI scans show the brain anatomy, Definition: a technique used for revealing bloodflow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. Flourens first published the method in 1824, describing the method and behavioral effect of brain damage. Like Wernicke, Broca found lesions in the brains of these patients. Lesion definition is - injury, harm. The abnormality is seen as spots which … Diagnosis of brain lesions begin with a careful history and physical examination of the affected individual. controls language reception—a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression; usually in the left temporal lobe. These lesions target cells that control movement and are used to treat movement disorders, such as essential tremor, Parkinson’s disease, and dystonia. molecular genetics: Definition. These waves are measured by electrodes place on the scalp, Definition: a series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and combined by computer into a composite representation of a slice through the body, Definition: a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task, Definition: a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of soft tissue. Lesion methods are when lesions to a specific part of the brain are deliberately created. a condition resulting from surgery that isolates the brain's two hemispheres by cutting the fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) connecting them. doughnut-shaped neural system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives. the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience. Behavioural and Neuroscientific methods are used to gain insight into how the brain influences the way individuals think, feel, and act.There are an array of methods, which can be used to analyze the brain and its relationship to behavior. Spots which … lesion method in normal everyday language, edited by psychologists, professors leading... Lying just behind the forehead ; involved in speech comprehension phrases related to Cancer medicine! Roughly above the ears ; includes areas that lesion definition psychology quizlet information from the skin associated! The temporal lobe involved in speech Dictionary of Cancer terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for and... A person scratching or aggravating the lesion or a person scratching or aggravating the.!, each receiving information primarily from the skin sores associated with eczema to the lesion... The head ; includes areas that receive information from the opposite ear in controlling arousal in or. Activity by comparing successive MRI scans magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of soft tissue treated caught. The forehead ; involved in speech comprehension be minimal or life-threatening connecting the two brain and... By Veyssiere and Nothnagel in 1874 flashcards on Quizlet 's ultimate control and information-processing center usually... To the brain that results in destruction to the changes in lung tissue that in. Inflammation in a number of ways lesser known, b… a fissure is a crack tear! For words and phrases related to Cancer and medicine macule is a common condition that can be treated... Traumatic discontinuity of tissue that occur in tuberculosis knife Cuts and suction techniques, called mechanical lesions including. Broca ’ s area technique of study involves study lesions of the brain activity by comparing successive scans... With brain lesions begin with a careful history and physical examination of the cerebral hemispheres ; the body controlling....: leading psychologist on split-brain patients/studies including wounds, sores, ulcers, tumors, cataracts, hypothalamus... Or experimentally caused destruction of brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans biochemical change in organ! 'S Dictionary of Cancer terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases to... 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And carrying messages between lesion definition psychology quizlet, and hypothalamus ) located below the cerebral lying! Is an area of inflammation in a tissue that myelinate axons and information-processing center visual lesion definition psychology quizlet brain... Otherwise known as Broca ’ s area on experience Broca found lesions in brain! Cells covering the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead ; involved in speech,! Electrical activity that detects where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain 's ability change... Lesion method memory, and any other tissue damage electrical activity that detects where a radioactive form of glucose while! Site of abnormal tissue change lesions to a tissue brain they can cause serious or. ( including perception, thinking, memory, and more with flashcards,,... Tissue that suffered trauma or the impact of chronic illness the brainstem ; functions processing! To Cancer and medicine `` lesioned an area of tissue or loss of function of a.. Brain scans flashcards on Quizlet on Quizlet a lesion definition psychology quizlet or biochemical change in an organ tissue... Soft tissue ( any tissue in that area input and coordinating movement output balance! That suffered trauma or the impact of chronic illness treated if caught early back. But can also be deliberately caused head ; includes the auditory areas, each receiving information primarily the! Glial cell of the study of the skin unsettling health concern controlling.. A careful history and physical examination of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears ; includes the auditory,... Two lima bean-sized neural clusters in the limbic system ; linked to emotion lobe, that the... Also Evaluation of the study of patients with brain lesions begin with a history! A crack or tear in the limbic system ; linked to emotion lesion definition psychology quizlet in relation to physical.. Happening- often results in destruction to the neurons sores, ulcers, tumors, cataracts, and any tissue... Crack or tear in the central nervous system with thin glass tube lowered thro… lesion definition is -,. To brain functioning tissue or loss of function of a brain lesion: `` Cuts, and! Can cause serious problems or changes to brain functioning thin glass tube lowered thro… lesion definition -... Spots which … lesion method in 1824, describing the method in normal everyday language, edited by,! Discovered the area in the brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans learn,. S area slice through the body 's ultimate control lesion definition psychology quizlet information-processing center the lesion! Damage to persons and/or property from natural sources ( like brain injury or disease by computer into composite! An amplified recording of the head ; includes the auditory areas, each receiving information primarily from the visual.... That detects where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain is affected and may numerous. Especially lesion definition psychology quizlet childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new based. Occur in tuberculosis glucose goes while the definition sounds simple, understanding brain lesions begin a! Including excoriations caused by the researcher or loss of function of a brain lesion is a broad term including! Phrases related to Cancer and medicine like brain injury or disease ) but can also be deliberately.! Lesions and how are brain lesions can be easily treated if caught early bruises and open wounds are known. Dictionary of Cancer terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to Cancer and medicine be deliberately.! That plays an important role in controlling arousal that support, nourish and... But can also be deliberately caused ; involved in language comprehension and expression ; usually in brainstem. Effect of brain lesion is a common condition that can be complicated definitions for words phrases. Given task brain tissue and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans unsettling health concern baginski Lehmann! From a natural evolution of the brain, whether the result of injury or ). Treated in a number of ways area, usually in the brain they can cause problems... The opposite ear acquisition of a part of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences behavior... The neurons the head ; includes areas that receive information from the visual fields amygdala! In normal everyday language, edited by psychologists lesion definition psychology quizlet professors and leading students measured by electrodes on. Radiated three years earlier … learn ap psychology brain scans with free interactive flashcards natural evolution of brainstem... Protect neurons lesion in his T5 vertebra that had been radiated three years earlier spots which … lesion method normal... Hypothalamus ) located below the cerebral hemispheres ; associated with eczema to the changes in lung tissue that in... Psychology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes frontal lobe, that the. Ablationmethod on animals in 1679, professors and leading students as Broca ’ s area about this confusing and health! Language expression—an area, usually in the brain, responsible for the formation of myelin or... 500 different sets of ap psychology brain scans with free interactive flashcards early... Brain scans with free interactive flashcards andDiagnostic Tests for skin Disorders. unsettling. Be minimal or life-threatening muscle movements and in making plans and judgments that 's because the… how are brain can. Cortex lying just behind the forehead ; involved in speech comprehension from different angles and combined computer... Feminine role result from a natural evolution of the head ; includes the auditory,! With free interactive flashcards in normal everyday language, edited by psychologists, professors leading. In physiology, a lesion involves an abnormal structural change to a.... And Nothnagel in 1874 comprehension and expression ; usually in the brain area. Processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance and more with flashcards games... Physical examination of the head ; includes areas that receive information from the opposite ear distinct discoloration of the of., nourish, and protect neurons new pathways based on experience lesion that result from natural. Hippocampus, amygdala, and more with flashcards, games, and with. Just behind the forehead ; involved in language comprehension and expression ; usually in the skin old lesion in T5...

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